It’s not often that you are asked to describe a map in the IELTS Writing Task 1, but it can happen. When it does, students often panic. It is an unfamiliar task for most IELTS candidates. You don’t often see it in the past papers or practice books.
However, it’s not actually that difficult, requires almost no specialist language, and can be practiced in a very short time.
What you need to know
Describing a map is actually pretty easy. You only really need to know the most basic geographic features:
Then you really must know the directions:
and perhaps some combination of them, such as “north-east” or “south-west,” too.
Beyond that, you are simply describing what you see.
The two maps below show an island, before and after the construction of some tourist facilities.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Here is my sample answer:
The illustration shows two images of the same island, before and after construction has taken place to build a tourist infrastructure.
Prior to the construction of tourist facilities, the island was surrounded by sea on all sides, and had clusters of trees in the east and west. There was also a beach on the far west of the island. There were no buildings, and lots of open space across the land.
Following construction work, the island looks very different. There are now many buildings throughout the west and central parts of the island, as well as a road and some paths leading to the accommodations. The accommodation buildings are distributed to the east and west of the reception, positioned in circle formations. There is a reception building right in the centre and a restaurant on the northern shore. To the south, there is a pier where boats can dock, and this is connected by road to the reception.