This short video from TED Ed looks at the history of our cities. It asks when and why humans began moving into cities, and what the future holds.
- Do you prefer living in the city or the countryside? Why?
- What are the advantages or disadvantages of living in the city?
Listening for Main Idea
- What is this video about?
a) The history of cities.
b) The history and future of cities.
c) The future of cities.
d) Present-day cities.
Multiple Choice Questions
Watch the video and answer the following questions. (Answers are at the bottom of the page.)
- One hundred years ago, what percentage of the human population lived in cities?
- What lead to the development of the first semi-permanent settlements?
a) Changes in the global climate
b) An increase in fresh water supplies
c) Improvements in healthcare
d) Advancements in agriculture
- Which of these technologies developed because of the desire to trade with other cities?
b) City walls
- Why did people first move into cities?
d) More farmland
- The global population is expected to peak at ___ billion.
Here’s an IELTS speaking part three question:
What are the advantages of living in a city or big town?
There are many advantages of living in a city, such as having better access to medical care, education, cultural institutions, and having a better choice of employment. Living in a city usually allows people certain benefits in terms of convenience that are simply not available to those who live in the countryside.